LOW BACK PAIN

The spinal column is stabilized by muscles and ligaments. If there is weakness in the muscles or ligaments, the spine may become unstable and can be painful. Pain can radiate throughout the body because the nerves within the spinal cord reach all over the body. Low back pain can result from prolonged sitting and standing, lifting and carrying heavy objects or being overweight.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the back or legs
  • Limited range of motion or an overall feeling of stiffness
  • Pain can be constant, intermittent, localized or radiating

Diagnosis

Your physician will evaluate your injury by taking a complete medical history, including mechanism of injury, prior injuries and symptoms. Your physician will perform a complete examination of your back. Your physician may also send you for an MRI or CT scan.

Treatment

  • Ice – use 20 minutes on with 40 minutes off for the first 72 hours
  • Hot Pack
  • Lying flat on the bed with your legs elevated over a pillow
  • Take an anti-inflammatory or pain medication prescribed by your physician
  • Massage
  • Wearing a supportive brace
  • Physical therapy
  • Practice your posture
  • Strengthen the core muscles

Prevention

  • When picking up an object, pick up the object by standing directly behind it and bend your knees when lifting (do not bend over)
  • Carry objects close to your body
  • Strengthen your core muscles and keep them strong

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